Hungarian grammar #1

-ban/-ben suffixes
———————–

-ban/-ben – in; inside something (inessive case ending)

Kertes házBAN lakom. – I live IN a house with a garden.
A tanár iskoláBAN dolgozik. – The teacher works IN (a) school.
Az autó a garázsBAN van. – The car is IN the garage.
A születésnapom áprilisBAN van. – My birthday is IN april.

° ° ° ° °

..it is pretty easy, but there are lot of verbs that use the -ban/-ben suffix. What makes them difficult, is the fact that you have to learn all of them if you don’t want to make any mistakes in using them.
Some of those verbs:::

megbízni valakiben/valamiben – to trust someone/something
(e.g.: Ő megbízik PéterBEN. – He/she trusts Peter.)
(e.g.: Én bízom BENned. – I trust you.)

csalódni valakiben – to be disappointed in/with someone
(e.g.: Én csalódtam KatáBAN. – I am disappointed IN Kata.)
(e.g.: Nem szeretnék csalódni BENnetek. – I wouldn’t like to be disappointed IN you (plural).)

° ° ° ° °

Plus.. there are exceptions concerning geographic things/locations.. like:::
OroszországBAN – IN Russia;
DebrecenBEN – IN Debrecen

° ° ° ..but:

MagyarországON – IN Hungary;
BudapestEN – IN Budapest;
KassÁN – IN Kassa (Košice – Slovakia)
DunaszerdahelyEN – IN Dunaszerdahely (Dunajská Streda – Slovakia)
SzegedEN – IN Szeged

° ° ° ..and some more weirdness:

PécsETT or PécsEN – IN Pécs
GyőrÖTT or GyőrBEN – IN Győr

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