királynő [ˈkiraːjnøː] – queen  
(Literally: king-woman)

királyné [ˈkiraːjneː] – queen consort  (the wife of a reigning king)
(Literally: king’s wife)

király [ˈkiraːj] – king
 [ˈnøː] – woman
-né [ˈneː] – wife of…
(For example: Kovács Istvánné – István Kovács’s wife. This form is still used in Hungary in official occasions, where the wife is not called by her name (Kovács Eszter), but she is called as Kovács Istvánné.)


nyihaha [ˈɲihɑhɑ] – neigh (the sound of a horse)
nyerítés [ˈɲɛriːteːʃ] – neigh; neighing; whinnying; whinny
nyerít [ˈɲɛriːt] – he/she/it is neighing; he/she/it is whinnying
nyeríteni [ˈɲɛriːtɛni]
1) to neigh; to whinny
2) to laugh boisterously; to have a horselaugh

 [ˈloː] – horse
lovak [ˈlovɑk] – horses

Photo: Hier und jetzt endet leider meine Reise auf Pixabay aber (Pixabay)


soha [ˈʃohɑ] – never
sohase [ˈʃohɑʃɛ] – never
sohasem [ˈʃohɑʃɛm] – never
sosem [ˈʃoʃɛm] – never
sose [ˈʃoʃɛ] – never

semmikor sem [ˈʃɛmːikor ʃɛm] – never; at no time
semmikor se [ˈʃɛmːikor ʃɛ] – never; at no time
semmikor [ˈʃɛmːikor] – never; at no time
semmi [ˈʃɛmːi] – nothing
kor [ˈkor] – age; era; period; epoch
sem [ˈʃɛm] – neither; not even
nem [ˈnɛm]
1) no
2) sex; gender

sohanapján [ˈʃohɑnɑpjaːn] – never; at no time
nap [ˈnɑp]
1) day
2) sun

utat mutat

mutatja az utat [ˈmutɑtcːɑ ɑz utɑt] – (he/she/it) is showing the way
utat mutat [ˈutɑt mutɑt] – (he/she/it) shows the way; guides the way; leads on
utat mutatni [ˈutɑt mutɑtni] – to show the way; to lead on; to guide the way
utat mutató [ˈutɑt mutɑtoː] – way-leading; way-pointing
útmutató [ˈuːtmutɑtoː] – guide; guideline
út [ˈuːt]
1) way; road; path
2) track; trip; voyage (also as “utazás”)

mutatni [ˈmutɑtni] – to show; to indicate

The image depicts a scene from the narrative poem “Toldi” written by János Arany in 1846, where Palatine Laczfi asks the main character, Miklós Toldi, disdainful “Hey peasant, where’s the road to Buda?”. The word cut to Toldi’s heart, so he lightly twirls a pole, grabbing one end like a little stick, and with a single hand he raises it up long and straight, pointing out the road that trails toward Buda. Arm hardening into iron, and himself, he extends the rough-hewn timber straight as a rod. (Read more here.)

Image: Sándor Benkő’s dia film strip.


hulló [ˈhulːoː] – falling
hüllő [ˈhylːøː] – reptile
hűlő [ˈhyːløː] – growing cold; cooling

hullani [ˈhulːɑni]
1) to fall (snow)
2) to flow (tears) [e.g.: hullanak a könnyeim – my tears are flowing]
3) to fall out (hair) [e.g.: hullik a hajam – my hair is falling out/falls out]
4) to die [e.g.: hullanak, mint a legyek – they are dying off like flies]

hűlni [ˈhyːløː] – to grow cold; to get cool
hűvös [ˈhyːvøʃ] – cool (weather)
hűs [ˈhyːʃ] – cool (weather)
hűsölni [ˈhyːʃølni] – to rest in the shade; to rest in a cool place


drusza [ˈdrusɑ] – namesake (of the given name)
névrokon [ˈneːvrokon] – namesake (of the surname)
(Literally: name-relative)

R.I.P. Lajos Ádám, dance teacher, my névrokon, who’s taught our class different dances for our elementary school senior prom night. As he did teach many generations of mainly Hungarians in South Slovakia during his long carreer: article 1, article 2 (both in Hungarian)

név [ˈneːv] – name
rokon [ˈrokon] – relative

Hátrább az agarakkal!

Hátrább az agarakkal! [ˈhaːtraːbː ɑz ɑgɑrɑkːal] – Hold your horses!; Pipe down!; Be more modest! (rather archaic saying)
(Literally: Back with the greyhounds!)

Hátrébb az agarakkal! [ˈhaːtreːbː ɑz ɑgɑrɑkːal] (dialectical version)

This saying was originally used in the meaning of: Do not show off with your greyhounds!; Do not demand special rights for yourself by referring to your greyhounds!

In the past, noblemen would often show off with their greyhounds, compare them between each-other, deal with which of them has the prettiest, most skilled one, etc. Greyhound companies, contests were created, and generally they spent a lot on greyhounds.

hátrább [ˈhaːtraːbː]
1) aback; more to the back
2) backwards; move back; back

hátra [ˈhaːtrɑ] – to the back; backward
hát [ˈhaːt]
1) back (part of body)
2) well…

agár [ˈɑgaːr] – greyhound; sighthound

Hungarian explanation here.