Hungarian grammar

Magyar nyelvtan

Boldog új évet!

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Boldog új évet!
– Happy New Year!
[You wish the person to have their whole new year happy.] 

Boldog újévet! – Happy New Year!
[You wish the person to have their first day of the new year happy. Sometimes also the last day of the old year.] 

BÚÉK, B.Ú.É.K.B. ú. é. k. [ˈbuːeːk] or Búék [ˈbuːeːk] is the abbreviation of the wish “Boldog új évet kívánok!” [ˈboldog uːj eːvɛt kiːvaːnok] or “Boldog új évet kívánunk!” [ˈboldog uːj eːvɛt kiːvaːnunk], which means “I/we wish you a happy new year!”. 🙂

te / ti / Ön / Önök / maga / maguk

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te
– you (unisex informal singular – like tú in Spanish)
ti – you (unisex informal plural – like vosotros in Spanish)

Ön – you (unisex formal singular – like Usted in Spanish)
Önök – you (unisex formal plural – like Ustedes in Spanish)

maga – you (unisex formal singular)
maguk – you (unisex formal plural)

Maga and maguk are used to address an unknown or not respected person/people, or simply as a form of addressing, for example:
Maga ott, jöjjön ide! – Hey, you there, come here!
Már megint maga az?! – Is that you, again, what do you want?! (angry)
Maga kis szarkupac! – You little piece of shit! (angry & rude)

Csókoljon meg, maga nőcsábász! – Oh, kiss me, you womanizer!

e

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e
[ˈɛ | e]

The 9th letter of the Hungarian alphabet. It’s not only a letter, but also a word, mainly used in poems. The short form of “eme” or “ez”. Means “this”. Six out of the 10 Hungarian dialects have two kinds of short e sounds in speech: ë [e] and e [ɛ].

For example:::
Tetszik nekem e lány. = Tetszik nekem eme lány. = Tetszik nekem ez a lány. – I find this girl attractive.
(The first two Hungarian sentences are rather poetic, than normal everyday language.)

ékezetek

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There are 44 letters in the Hungarian alphabet, 14 of which are the vowels: a, á, e, é, i, í, o, ó, ö, ő, u, ú, ü, ű.
It is really important to write and pronounce the correct vowels in a word, and do not mix them up or write only the basic letter without the accent (a e i o u). Because in that case you’ll end up creating weird, funny and stupid sentences.
 
török [ˈtørøk] – Turkish
torok [ˈtorok] – throat
 
ebéd [ˈɛbeːd] – lunch
ebed [ˈɛbed] – your dog
eb [ˈɛb] – dog
 
bőr [ˈbøːr] – skin
bor [ˈbor] – wine
 
cipó [ˈtsipoː] – loaf; very little round bread
cipő [ˈtsipøː] – shoe

A hét napjai

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Why there’s no suffix at the end of vasárnap? Why not?!
Because it’s Hungarian! Not your common daily language you are used to! 😀

hétfőn [ˈheːtføːn] – on Monday
kedden [ˈkɛdːen] – on Tuesday
szerdán [ˈsɛrdɑːn] – on Wednesday
csütörtökön [ˈtʃytørtøkøn] – on Thursday
pénteken [ˈpeːnteken] – on Friday
szombaton [ˈsombɑton] – on Saturday
vasárnap – on Sunday

hétfő [ˈheːtføː] – Monday
kedd [ˈkɛdː] – Tuesday
szerda [ˈsɛrdɑ] – Wednesday
csütörtök [ˈtʃytørtøk] – Thursday
péntek [ˈpeːntek] – Friday
szombat [ˈsombɑt] – Saturday
vasárnap [ˈvɑʃaːrnɑp] – Sunday

a hét napjain [ˈɑ heːt nɑpjɑin] – on the days of the week; on the week’s days
a hét napjai 
[ˈɑ heːt nɑpjɑi] – days of the week
hét [ˈheːt]
1) seven (number)
2) week

nap [ˈnɑp]
1) day
2) sun