Hungarian words (all posts)

Magyar szavak (összes bejegyzés)

Báthory Erzsébet


Last weekend I visited the ruins of the castle in Čachtice (Csejte), which used to be the home of Erzsébet Báthory who is alleged to be the world’s most prolific female serial killer… she was a Hungarian noblewoman from the Báthory family of nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary.

There is a room with infographical tables in the castle with texts (in English, German, Hungarian and Slovak) about her, the era and the castle itself. Be sure to visit the place once you visit Slovakia. 😉

You can read some more about her on wikipedia or here.

iránytű


iránytű
 [ˈiraːɲtyː] – compass
[Literally::: direction-needle]

Basically it is a needle, that shows you the direction (mostly where is North). “If a needle is rubbed on a lodestone or other magnet, the needle becomes magnetized. When it is inserted in a cork or piece of wood, and placed in a bowl of water it becomes a compass. Such devices were universally used as compass until the invention of the box-like compass with a ‘dry’ pivoting needle sometime around 1300.” ~ wiki

irány [ˈiraːɲ] – direction
[ˈtyː] – needle; pin

jármű


Some trams in the Czech republic have window glasses from Hungary. 🙂

jármű [ˈjaːrmyː] – vehicle
jár [ˈjaːr] – he/she goes/walks
[ˈmyː]
1) artificial
2) work (generally)
3) opus; work (a piece of artwork of a particular artist or craftsman)

járni [ˈjaːrni] – to walk; to go to

járgány [ˈjaːrgaːɲ]
1) vehicle; car
2) capstan

kerítésszaggató


kerítésszaggató
[ˈkɛriːteːʃsɑgːɑtoː]

This word is used in the Hungarian slang to name any very strong (mainly) homemade pálinka (brandy). Literally it means “fence-apart-tearer”. It might come from the action of a young man, who after drinking some shots of this alcohol, gets so brave and strong, that he is able to tear apart a fence with his bare hands and use its rods in a fight. 😀

kerítés [ˈkɛriːteːʃ] – fence
kert [ˈkɛrt] – garden
keret [ˈkɛrɛt] – frame
szaggatni [ˈsɑgːɑtni] – to jag
szakítani [ˈsɑkiːtɑni]
1) to pluck; to break away
2) to break up (in a relationship) 

szétszakítani [ˈseːtsɑkiːtɑni] – to pull apart; to tear apart; to disrupt

hasmenés


hasmenés
[ˈhɑʃmɛneːʃ] – diarrhoea
[Literally::: belly-going]
 
hashajtó [ˈhɑʃhɑjtoː] – laxative
[Literally::: belly-starter]
 
has [ˈhɑʃhɑjtoː] – belly; stomach
gyomor [ˈɟomor] – stomach
 
menni [ˈmenːi] – to go
hajtani
1) to fold; to bend
2) to herd; to drive (animals)
3) to move; to drive; to propel; to impel (e.g. a machine)
4) to beat (game in hunting)
5) to drive (a cart, carriage or a modern car)
6) to repeat over and over
7) to purge (laxative)

Velence


Velencében vagyok.
[ˈvɛlentseːbɛn vɑɟok]  – I am in Venice.
Velencén vagyok. [ˈvɛlentseːn vɑɟok] – I am in Velence.

Velence is a town in the county of Fejér, Hungary, on the shore of Lake Velence. Its name is the same in Hungarian as that of the Italian city of Venice. It’s said that in the middle ages some Italian craftsmen worked in the area on some buildings and it was them who might have given a name to the town.

Velence [ˈvɛlentsɛ]  – Venice
Velence [ˈvɛlentsɛ]  – Velence